Valorant Ranking System: MMR and Distribution Explained

Valorant Ranks: Are you an avid player of Valorant looking to understand the intricacies of the ranking system? Look no further! In this article, we have comprehensive detail about the Valorant ranking system, focusing on Matchmaking Rating (MMR) and its distribution. By the end, you will have a comprehensive understanding of how the system works and how it impacts your competitive journey in Valorant.valorant ranking distribution

Introduction to Valorant Ranking System

Valorant, developed by Riot Games, is a popular tactical first-person shooter game that emphasizes competitive gameplay. The Valorant ranking system is designed to match players of similar skill levels, providing a fair and balanced gaming experience. The system takes into account various factors to determine a player’s skill and assigns them a rank accordingly.

Understanding Matchmaking Rating (MMR)

At the core of the Valorant ranking system lies Matchmaking Rating and Rank Rating commonly referred to as MMR and RR. MMR is a numerical value that represents a player’s skill level. It acts as the foundation for matchmaking, ensuring that players are matched with opponents of comparable skill. The higher the MMR, the more skilled a player is considered to be.match making rating

Unrated Matches
Unrated matches serve as a warm-up or practice mode, allowing players to familiarize themselves with the game’s mechanics and maps. While these matches are essential for skill development, they do not impact your rank or MMR.

Competitive Matches
Competitive matches form the core of the Valorant ranking system. These matches are designed for players who are looking for a more intense and challenging experience. By playing competitive matches, you have the opportunity to showcase your skills and progress through the ranks.

Factors Influencing MMR

Several factors contribute to the calculation of MMR in Valorant. These factors include individual performance, win/loss ratio, and the skill levels of opponents and teammates. The system analyzes these elements to determine the appropriate adjustment to a player’s MMR after each match.

Placement Matches: A Crucial Step

When starting out in Valorant’s competitive mode, players must go through a series of placement matches. These matches play a vital role in establishing an initial MMR for each player. Placement matches consider a player’s performance and outcomes to determine an appropriate rank placement.

Valorant Ranking Distribution

The Valorant ranking distribution is a reflection of the player base and the distribution of skill levels across various ranks. The distribution may differ from season to season, as player skill and the number of active players fluctuate. Understanding the ranking distribution can give you valuable insights into the skill distribution of the player base.

Valorant Ranks and Tiers

Valorant ranks are divided into nine tiers, each representing a different skill level. Here is a breakdown of the ranks in ascending order:

Iron: Iron is the starting rank in Valorant. Players at this rank are still learning the game and developing their skills.

Bronze: Bronze is the next tier, where players have begun to grasp the basics of the game and improve their gameplay.

Silver: Silver represents a moderate level of skill. Players at this rank have a good understanding of the game mechanics and strategies.

Gold: Gold is a significant milestone in Valorant. Players at this rank have demonstrated above-average skills and game knowledge.

Platinum: Platinum is considered an above-average rank. Players at this tier have honed their abilities and are proficient in various aspects of the game.

Diamond: Diamond is an elite rank in Valorant. Players at this tier possess exceptional skills and game sense, making them formidable opponents.

Ascendant: It represents individuals who have surpassed the Radiant rank and have cemented themselves as the elite of the elite. 

Immortal: Immortal represents the upper echelons of Valorant gameplay. Players at this rank are highly skilled and demonstrate consistent performance.

Radiant: Radiant is the highest achievable rank in Valorant. Only a select few players reach this prestigious tier, making them the absolute best in the game.

Each rank, except for Radiant, is further divided into three tiers (e.g., Bronze 1, Bronze 2, and Bronze 3). Progressing through these tiers requires consistent performance and accumulating Matchmaking Rating (MMR) points by winning competitive matches.


Climbing the Ranks: Promotion and Demotion

As players compete and win matches, they have the opportunity to be promoted to higher ranks. Promotion occurs when a player consistently performs well and their MMR surpasses the threshold for the next rank. On the other hand, demotion can happen if a player’s performance drops significantly, causing their MMR to fall below the required threshold for their current rank.

Performance-Based Rating Systems

Valorant implements performance-based rating systems, which take into account individual performance metrics within a match. Factors such as kills, assists, deaths, and other gameplay statistics can influence the amount of MMR gained or lost after a match. These systems aim to reward exceptional performance and mitigate the impact of unfavorable matchmaking.

Anti-Boosting Measures

To maintain the integrity of the ranking system, Valorant employs various anti-boosting measures. Boosting refers to the practice of artificially inflating a player’s rank by having higher-skilled players play on their behalf. These measures detect and penalize boosting attempts, ensuring that ranks accurately reflect players’ skill levels.

The Role of Hidden MMR

In addition to the visible rank displayed to players, Valorant also utilizes a hidden MMR. This hidden MMR provides a more granular assessment of a player’s skill level and helps in creating balanced matches. While players cannot directly view their hidden MMR, it plays a crucial role in determining matchmaking outcomes.

The Importance of Consistency

Consistency is key in the Valorant ranking system. Consistently performing well in matches and maintaining a positive win/loss ratio greatly influences the rate at which a player’s MMR changes. The system rewards players who consistently display skill and dedication, allowing them to progress through the ranks more efficiently.

Rank Decay: Keeping Things Competitive

To ensure ongoing competitiveness, Valorant has implemented a rank decay system. Rank decay occurs when players do not actively participate in ranked matches over an extended period. When rank decay kicks in, players’ ranks are adjusted downward to encourage them to continue playing and prevent inactive accounts from occupying higher ranks.

Smurfing: Its Impact on the Ranking System

Smurfing, the practice of experienced players creating secondary accounts to compete at lower ranks, can have a disruptive effect on the ranking system. Smurfs with higher skill levels can dominate lower-ranked matches, leading to an imbalanced and frustrating experience for genuine lower-skilled players. Valorant is continuously working on measures to address this issue and maintain fair gameplay.

Leaderboards and Global Rankings

Valorant offers leaderboards and global rankings to showcase the top players in each region. These rankings highlight the players with the highest MMR and serve as a measure of achievement within the Valorant community. Competing for a spot on the leaderboards adds an additional layer of motivation for players aiming to showcase their skills.

Rank Rating

Rank Rating is an important factor in valorant gameplay. It had a total of 100 RR points. To advance to the next tier, you need to accumulate 100 RR points. Point allocation differs from game to game, but generally, the distribution looks like this, and in the future may be changed:

  • Wins: 10 – 50 RR, 5+ RR for Diamond ranks and above
  • Losses: Minus 0 – 30 RR, 50 RR max drop for Diamond ranks and above
  • Draws: 20 RR (based on performance) for ranks Iron – Diamond

The Future of the Valorant Ranking System

As Valorant continues to evolve, so does its ranking system. Riot Games regularly analyzes player feedback and data to make improvements and adjustments to the system. The future of the Valorant ranking system looks promising, with ongoing efforts to enhance matchmaking accuracy and provide a rewarding competitive experience.


The Valorant ranking system, with its emphasis on Matchmaking Rating (MMR) and fair matchmaking, ensures a competitive environment for players. Understanding the intricacies of the system, such as MMR calculation, placement matches, rank distribution, and the impact of performance, is crucial for players looking to climb the ranks. As you embark on your journey in Valorant, keep in mind the importance of consistency, fair play, and the ongoing improvements being made to the system.

Q1: Can my MMR change during placement matches?
Yes, your MMR can change significantly during placement matches as it determines your initial rank placement.

Q2: How often does the ranking distribution change?
The ranking distribution can change from season to season as player skill and the number of active players fluctuate.

Q3: Do performance-based rating systems favor individual performance over team play?
Valorant’s performance-based rating systems aim to strike a balance between individual performance and team play, considering both aspects when determining MMR changes.

Q4: How does rank decay work in Valorant?
Rank decay occurs when players do not actively.

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